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CHICKENPOX (Varicella)

A highly contagious virus spread by coughing, sneezing, or by direct contact with skin lesions.

Who should be vaccinated?”**

  • Adults who have never had chickenpox or received the vaccine.

FLU

A contagious viral infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. On average, up to 20% of the U.S. population will infected with seasonal influenza virus.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • The flu vaccine is now recommended for everyone 6 months and older.
  • High dose flu shots available for age 65 and older.

HEPATITIS A

A contagious liver disease often caused by consuming contaminated food or water. It is the most common vaccine-preventable travel disease.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • People traveling to countries where hepatitis is common.
  • People with chronic liver disease.
  • Adults traveling to countries where the disease is common.

HEPATITIS B

A serious liver disease spread through contact with blood or body fluids. The hepatitis B virus can cause liver cancer and possible death.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Sexually active adults not in a mutually monogamous relationship.
  • People with HIV infection.

HPV (Human papillomavirus)

A group of over 100 viruses that typically spreads through sexual contact. Certain HPV strains may cause genital warts and lead to cervical cancer.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Females 9 to 26 years of age not previously vaccinated.

MEASLES, MUMPS, RUBELLA (MMR)

All are spread through coughing or sneezing. Measles can lead to permanent brain damage. Mumps can cause deafness. Rubella (German measles) in pregnant women means a 20% risk of serious damage to the fetus.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Adults born in 1957 or later without proof of immunity.
  • Women who may become pregnant.

MENINGITIS (Meningococcal)

A potentially fatal bacterial infection that strikes an average of 1,500 Americans yearly.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Adults with certain risk factors: college freshmen in dorms, the military, anyone with a damaged spleen.
  • Patients 10 years of age and older should receive a one-time dose of Tdap.
  • Adults previously vaccinated require a Td booster every 10 years.

PNEUMONIA (Pneumococcal)

Infection of the lungs, blood, and brain.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Anyone over the age of 65.

SHINGLES (Herpes zoster)

A painful skin rash caused by the same virus as chickenpox. Difficult to treat, shingles can cause severe pain lasting months or even years.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Anyone over the age of 60.

TETANUS/DIPHTHERIA/WHOOPING COUGH (Td & Tdap)

Tetanus: Bacteria in soil enter through a cut, creating infection. Sufferers may be unable to open mouth and swallow. Diphtheria: Highly contagious infection of respiratory tract. Leads to weakness, sore throat, swollen glands. Severe cases of Diphtheria can affect the heart. Whooping Cough (Pertussis):  Highly contagious infection of respiratory tract. Causes excessive coughing fits.

Who should be vaccinated?**

  • Patients 10 years of age and older should receive a one-time dose of Tdap.